There are more than fifty types of therapeutic approaches. However, only a few of them are common. This approach focuses on changing problematic behaviors, feelings, and thoughts by discovering their unconscious meanings and motivations. Therapies aimed at psychoanalysis are characterized by close working collaboration between therapist and patient.
Patients learn about themselves by exploring their interactions in the therapeutic relationship. Although psychoanalysis is closely identified with Sigmund Freud, it has been broadened and modified since its first formulations. Psychodynamic therapy often uses therapeutic relationships as a way to explore and change the patient's problematic ways of reasoning, feeling, or behaving. Behavioral therapy adopts a variety of techniques to help identify and change negative or self-destructive behaviors in patients.
This form of therapy focuses on problems and focuses on the influence of different types of learning and conditioning on patient behaviors. Cognitive therapy seeks to change negative and dysfunctional ways of thinking to avoid negative and dysfunctional ways of acting. By modifying these thoughts, patients can change the way they feel and act healthier. Often combined with behavioral approaches in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).
At the heart of humanistic therapy is the idea that people have the ability to reach their full potential through adequate education. This form of therapy may focus on the patient's search for a meaning in life and may be an approach to follow when seeking self-realization. Psychotherapy is a general term used to describe the process of treating psychological disorders and mental distress through the use of verbal and psychological techniques. During this process, a trained psychotherapist assists the client in addressing specific or general problems, such as a particular mental illness or a source of vital stress.
Depending on the approach used by the therapist, a wide range of techniques and strategies can be used. Almost all types of psychotherapy involve developing a therapeutic relationship, communicating and creating a dialogue, and working to overcome problematic thoughts or behaviors. When people hear the word psychotherapy, many imagine the stereotypical image of a patient lying on a couch talking while a therapist sits on a nearby chair writing down his thoughts on a yellow notebook. The reality is that there are a variety of techniques and practices used in psychotherapy.
When behaviorism became a more prominent school of thought in the early 20th century, conditioning techniques began to play an important role in psychotherapy. While behaviorism may not be as dominant as it once was, many of its methods are still very popular today. Behavioral therapy often uses classical conditioning, operative conditioning, and social learning to help clients alter behaviors. The approach known as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a psychotherapeutic treatment that helps patients understand the thoughts and feelings that influence behaviors.
CBT is used to treat a variety of conditions including phobias, addiction, depression and anxiety. CBT involves cognitive and behavioral techniques to change negative thoughts and maladaptive behaviors. The approach helps people to change the underlying thoughts that contribute to distress and to modify the problematic behaviors that result from these thoughts. The goal of cognitive therapy is to identify the cognitive distortions that lead to this type of thinking and to replace them with more realistic and positive ones.
By doing so, people can improve their mood and overall well-being. Cognitive therapy focuses on the idea that our thoughts have a powerful influence on our mental well-being. While psychotherapy had been practiced in various ways since the time of the ancient Greeks, it began formally when Sigmund Freud began using psychotherapy to work with patients. The techniques commonly used by Freud included transference analysis, dream interpretation and free association.
This is an alphabetical list of psychotherapies. Psychodynamic therapy may be a long-term approach to mental health treatment, compared to cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and other types of therapy. Traditional psychoanalysis is an intensive form of treatment that people can go to for years. Behavioral therapy is a focused and action-oriented approach to mental health treatment.
Behavioral Therapy Can Help You Change Your Behavioral Responses. An eclectic approach to psychotherapy will draw techniques and objectives from different types of psychotherapy. If you have symptoms of a psychological or psychiatric disorder, you may benefit from an evaluation by a trained and experienced psychotherapist who is qualified to evaluate, diagnose and treat mental health conditions. Psychoanalytic therapy is a type of therapy originally based on Sigmund Freud's theory of mind, or psychoanalysis.
Psychotherapists often use this approach with people suffering from anxiety, depression, stress, or phobias. Knowing more about the different types of psychotherapy could help you explore your options and give you a better idea of what to look for. It is also possible to find psychotherapists who treat people who have experienced similar events in life, such as a psychotherapist who only works with members of the LGBTQ community. Sometimes, you'll find that one type of psychotherapy works for one thing, while another completely different one works for another.
There is no consensus on how to group psychotherapists by type, but it can be useful to think that they are divided into several fields when you are trying to decide what type you need. Humanist philosophers such as Jean-Paul Sartre, Martin Buber and Søren Kierkegaard influenced this type of therapy. Because nearly one in five adults in the United States lives with mental illness, specific types of psychotherapy may be required to manage and address their unique problems. When providing services to clients, psychotherapists should consider issues such as informed consent, patient confidentiality, and duty to warn.
Psychotherapy is increasingly seen as a distinct profession in its own right, but many different types of professionals offer it, including clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, counselors, marriage and family therapists, social workers, mental health counselors, and psychiatric nurses. . .