What is the most common form of psychological therapy?

The most common type of therapy at this time may be cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). It often focuses on identifying negative thoughts and replacing them with healthier ones. Cognitive-behavioral therapy, or CBT, is the “most common type of therapy,” Johnsen says. It's about asking yourself: 'Do these thoughts help me or hurt me? '.

What kind of psychotherapy works best? There is no simple answer. Just as people respond differently to different drugs, you may be better off with one type of therapy than with another. Many people find that a mixed approach, one that is based on elements from different schools of psychotherapy, suits them better. There are many forms of psychotherapy, but the two most popular forms are psychodynamic therapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) focuses on exploring the relationships between a person's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. During CBT, a therapist will actively work with a person to discover unhealthy thinking patterns and how they may be causing self-destructive behaviors and beliefs. Cognitive-behavioral therapy has a considerable amount of scientific data to support its use, and many mental health professionals are trained in CBT, making it effective and accessible. However, more is needed to meet the demand for public health.

Dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT) was originally developed to treat people with chronic suicidal tendencies with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Over time, DBT has been adapted to treat people with multiple different mental illnesses, but most people receiving treatment with DBT have BPD as their primary diagnosis. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy is used to treat PTSD. Several studies have shown that it can reduce emotional distress resulting from traumatic memories.

Exposure therapy is a type of cognitive-behavioral therapy that is most commonly used to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and phobias. During treatment, a person works with a therapist to identify the triggers of their anxiety and learn techniques to avoid performing rituals or becoming anxious when exposed to them. The person is then confronted with anything that triggers them in a controlled environment where they can safely practice implementing these strategies. Psychotherapy is just another term for talk therapy.

Unlike psychodynamic therapy, behavioral therapy focuses on the present. There is less attention to why a behavior started and more emphasis on barriers to changing it and why that behavior is rewarded. Behavioral therapy is good for treating phobias, substance use disorders, and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Cognitive-behavioral therapy combines some of the principles of behavioral therapy with the theory that our thoughts, feelings, or behaviors are connected and influence each other.

Dialectical behavioral therapy is useful for people who have suicidal thoughts and other self-destructive behaviors. This approach focuses on changing problematic behaviors, feelings, and thoughts by discovering their unconscious meanings and motivations. Therapies aimed at psychoanalysis are characterized by close working collaboration between therapist and patient. Patients learn about themselves by exploring their interactions in the therapeutic relationship.

Although psychoanalysis is closely identified with Sigmund Freud, it has been broadened and modified since its first formulations. Humanistic therapy focuses on your unique traits and characteristics, rather than trying to identify what is common between you and others to label these common traits as a condition. Compared to other forms of psychotherapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, MBT is less structured and generally needs to be long-term. Feminist therapy recognizes that women may experience mental health problems as a result of psychological oppression that affects them because of their gender.

To avoid being overwhelmed by information, think about what you want most from psychotherapy, then scroll through and see what keywords align with what you were thinking. Although most of them deal with some form of substance abuse, problems can range from trauma and pain to abuse and addiction. In this form of psychotherapy, the therapist helps people evaluate their social interactions and recognize negative patterns, such as social isolation or aggression, and ultimately helps them learn strategies to understand and interact positively with others. Psychologist Dawn Potter, PsyD, discusses the most common types of therapy and what might work best for you.

Psychoanalytic therapy is performed by a specially trained physician, psychologist or clinical social worker. Relational psychotherapy helps clients to be cognitively and emotionally healthy by forming and maintaining satisfying relationships. Even less traditional therapy methods, such as dance therapy and art therapy, can now be managed realistically in line with new video technology platforms. Psychotherapy, in general, is based on methods such as speaking, listening and participating in other forms of expression.

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Keira Ouellet
Keira Ouellet

Devoted web nerd. Total beer fanatic. Certified zombie expert. Wannabe web trailblazer. Extreme internet geek. Certified internet ninja.

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